TEHRAN, May 12 (Xinhua) -- Observers believe that the recent visit of the European Union (EU) envoy and emir of Qatar to Iran would help resume the Vienna nuclear talks, which aim to revive the 2015 nuclear deal, under certain conditions.
Enrique Mora, the EU chief coordinator for the Iranian nuclear talks, visited Tehran on Wednesday and held talks with Iran's chief nuclear negotiator Ali Bagheri Kani.
Given the EU as an indirect broker of talks between Washington and Tehran in Vienna, observers believe Mora has carried messages of the American side to Iran, and in return, he will convey the views of the Iranian side to the United States.
Also, Emir of Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani has arrived in Tehran on Thursday and he is scheduled to meet with the Iranian president and a number of other high-ranking officials.
According to media reports, after the trip to Tehran, Qatari emir will leave for some western countries, including Britain and Germany, where he will probably convey Iran's views to the western officials.
Some experts believe that the emir of Qatar, who has a close relationship with the administration of U.S. President Joe Biden, will try to seek an acceptable outcome of the Vienna talks, according to Iranian Students' News Agency (ISNA).
Hassan Hanizadeh, an Iranian international affairs expert, said in an interview with Arman Melli daily that the visit of Mora and Qatari emir to Tehran is significant as they aim at breaking the deadlock of the nuclear talks.
Amid the Russia-Ukraine conflict, the resumption of vienna talks and lifting of U.S. energy sanctions against Iran will open Europe's hands to buy oil and gas from another market, namely the Iranian oil, according to some experts.
"There is no doubt that Russia's oil threat to Europe and Europe's need to replace Russian oil and gas has drawn their attention to Iranian resources," Fereidoon Majlesi, another Iranian international affairs analyst, said on Tuesday.
"For this reason, if Enrique Mora carries a package of proposals for the Tehran authorities, it is about (new) developments of facilitating banking relations with Iran," Majlesi added.
Also, Hanizadeh said that three European countries, France, Germany and Britain, are trying to reach a nuclear agreement with Iran as soon as possible due to the crisis in Ukraine.
"This is happening at a time when European countries are making it possible for Russia to stop supplying gas to them in the future. For this reason, Iran could be the best option," he pointed out.
At the same time, the economic difficulties will also prompt Iran to actively participate in the talks.
Since 2018, Iran's economic growth has been affected by anti-Iran sanctions after the former U.S. President Donald Trump withdrew from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and slapped old and new sanctions on Iran's energy and financial sectors.
Following the Iranian presidential election last year, Iran's President Ebrahim Raisi vowed to adopt policies which could alleviate the impact of sanctions by untying the economy to the U.S. embargoes.
The Iranian currency rial continued to fall against foreign currencies "amid expectations that a new government plan to overhaul the country's subsidy system could cause price hikes," according to Press TV.
On Thursday, 1 U.S. dollar was traded at slightly over 300,000 rials in the street market in the capital Tehran, which was about 4.6 percent higher than the rates on Tuesday.
Hamshahri daily said that government's announcement on Tuesday to overhaul the country's subsidy system had "exacerbated inflation expectations" in the market.
Talks between Iran and the P4+1 (Britain, China, France, Russia plus Germany), which started in April 2021 and continued until mid-March, have faced troubles over political issues between the United States and Iran.
Iran demands guarantees from the United States over the verifiable and permanent lift of all sanctions imposed by the former U.S. administration in 2018 following its exit from the deal, and the removal of terror designation on Iran's Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC). ■