Interview: RCEP importantly contributes to ASEAN economy: Cambodian officials, experts-Xinhua

Interview: RCEP importantly contributes to ASEAN economy: Cambodian officials, experts

Source: Xinhua| 2022-09-17 11:31:00|Editor: huaxia

PHNOM PENH, Sept. 17 (Xinhua) -- The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) free trade agreement has been importantly contributing to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)'s economic development, Cambodian officials and experts said.

Entered into force in January 2022, the mega-regional trade deal comprises 15 Asia-Pacific countries including 10 ASEAN member states --Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam -- and their five trading partners, namely China, Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand.

The pact will eliminate as much as 90 percent of the tariffs on goods traded among its signatories over the next 20 years.

Speaking to Xinhua ahead of the first RCEP ministers' meeting, scheduled for Sept. 18 in the cultural province of Siem Reap in northwest Cambodia, Ministry of Commerce's undersecretary of state and spokesman Penn Sovicheat said the RCEP has created a huge market for ASEAN and all participating countries have benefited from it.

Noting that Cambodia is a practical example, he said that the kingdom's total export to the RCEP member countries had significantly risen to 3.28 billion U.S. dollars in the first half of 2022.

"The first semester of 2022 compared to the first semester 2021, our Cambodia's export to RCEP had increased about 9 percent," Sovicheat said. "The RCEP has contributed a lot to the ASEAN economy."

Speaking of the first RCEP ministers' meeting, the spokesperson said Cambodia will propose the RCEP member countries to establish a standalone secretariat in Phnom Penh.

He said the forthcoming meeting will also push the rest participating countries that have not yet ratified the pact, to ratify it as soon as possible in order to make full use of the deal.

Joseph Matthews, a senior professor at the BELTEI International University in Phnom Penh, said the RCEP has been giving a big boost to ASEAN's economic recovery in the post-COVID-19 pandemic era and has also played a crucial role in helping narrow the development gap between the rich and poor ASEAN countries.

All the signatories' countries have access to the Chinese market equally and enjoy tariff concessions stipulated in the pact, he noted.

"This free trade agreement holds huge potential for all participating countries to boost their trade and investment ties and to quicken their economic recovery from the pandemic," he told Xinhua.

"All member countries have reaped and will continue to reap the benefits of the RCEP, especially the four least developed ASEAN countries."

Thong Mengdavid, a research fellow at the Phnom Penh-based Asian Vision Institute, said the RCEP established the biggest trade bloc in the world's history, covering nearly a third of the global population, around 30 percent of the global gross domestic product (GDP), and 28 percent of global trade.

"With free flow of products and more relaxing trade barriers among the 15 member states, the RCEP provides various benefits and opportunities for the bloc to diversify their markets and enhance the production capability," he told Xinhua.

"Additionally, the RCEP will enhance the roles of multilateralism based on a rule-based international order, henceforth, promoting more cooperation and peaceful trade activities in the region," Mengdavid added.

According to an Asian Development Bank's study, the RCEP is expected to increase the member economies' incomes by 0.6 percent by 2030, adding 245 billion U.S. dollars annually to regional income and 2.8 million jobs to regional employment.